Fire sprinkler systems allows water to flow under pressure to control fire. Previously they were used in factories and large industries. Now they are available in compact size to be used in small business concerns, homes etc.
There are different types of Fire sprinkler systems available in UK. here are the main types of fire sprinkler systems:
Facts about fire sprinkler systems
- Sprinklers Systems don’t false alert’ they will just work if there is a real fire.
- Sprinklers save lives and property and are the main gadgets which can recognize a fire and sound the caution, call the fire brigade and stifle or control the fire.
- 99% of fires are controlled by sprinklers alone.
- There have been no numerous fire passings in the UK as a consequence of a fire in an abode with a working sprinkler framework.
- Sprinkler systems needn’t bother with pumps or tanks if mains water is satisfactory.
- Maintenance expense is low and the framework has a long service life
- A typical residential sprinkler head will discharge 30 to 50 litres of water per minute compared to the 1000 litres per minute from the firefighter’s hose. As a general figure a sprinkler system will use between 1/100th and 1/1000th of the water that is used by the Fire Brigade/Department. This is a big difference and in itself can turn a potential disaster into a less costly inconvenience.
- Generally chlorinated polyvinyl chloride (CPVC) pipe is used for domestic and residential systems.
How Does The Sprinkler System Work?
Understanding how residential fire sprinklers work will help accept the fact that water damage from these systems aren’t as costly as the damage caused by unattended fires.
- Each sprinkler head holds a glass container filled with liquid glycerin, which expands when heated.
- A fire in the room heats the air, forcing it up towards the ceiling. Temperature of air continues to increase with rising flames.
- When temperature reaches anywhere around 135-165 degrees Fahrenheit, the expanding glycerin causes the glass container to break, activates the sprinkler head, and opens a valve in the hidden plumbing to release a focused downward spray of water to extinguish the fire.
These systems are intended to quickly douse the fire, failing which they anyway buy enough time to respond to the emergency.